Tag Archives: 1996

1996 Exxon’s Lee Raymond “Climate change: don’t ignore the facts”

In the fall of 1996, Lee R. Raymond Chairman, Exxon Corporation, had an article published in the oil company’s publication, The Lamp. The title of the article was, “Climate change: don’t ignore the facts.” Raymond wrote, “Proponents of the global warming theory say that higher levels of greenhouse gases — especially carbon dioxide — are causing […]

1996 Exxon’s Lee Raymond Speech at API Annual Meeting

In 1996 Exxon Corporation’s Chairman Lee Raymond addressed the members and guests of American Petroleum Institute’s (“API”) Annual Meeting at the Grand Hyatt Hotel in Washington D.C. The speech championed the economic benefits of fossil fuels, industry-wide coalition building, and technological advancements. Raymond’s theme throughout the speech was “a factual, common sense approach” to contemporary […]

1996 Exxon presentation “Purported Impact of Climate Change on Human Health”

This 1996 document is a presentation given by Exxon Biomedical Sciences, Inc. titled “Purported Impact of Climate Change on Human Health.” The presentation contains a hypothesis of the purported impact, specifically that fossil fuels contribute to a rise in greenhouse gases, which will raise the global temperature and have major direct and indirect effects on […]

1996 Exxon’s Brian Flannery speech on “Global Climate Change”

In September 1996, Exxon Research and Engineering Company’s Brian Flannery delivered a presentation to Exxon subsidiary Esso Italiana titled “Global Climate Change.” A part of a larger collection released by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent in a trove of internal oil and gas industry documents, this document shows Flannery’s denial of climate change science, doubt […]

1996 IPIECA Report on Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP2)

This is a 1996 report on the Framework Convention on Climate Change (“COP2”) for the members of the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (“IPIECA”), a group started in 1974 which serves as the main communication channel between the oil and gas industry and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (“UNFCCC”). Part of […]

1996 Exxon’s Lee Raymond European Trip Talking Points

The remarks below were prepared for Exxon Corporation’s Chairman Lee Raymond during his European tour from July 11 to 26, 1996. Coming off a profitable year in 1995, with the same trends continuing into 1996, Raymond touted his company’s business model and strong financial results. Raymond outlined Exxon’s emphasis on productivity, expanded retail offerings, and […]

1996 Exxon’s Lee Raymond “Energy, The Economy, And The Environment: Moving Forward Together”

In 1996 Exxon Corporation’s Chairman Lee Raymond delivered a speech titled “Energy, The Economy, And The Environment: Moving Forward Together” to the Economic Club of Detroit. Raymond underscored the common bonds and past accomplishments of the petroleum and automotive industries in “fighting a battle against misinformation.” Outlining “the need for economic growth and energy development […]

1996 Exxon Publication: “Global Warming: who’s right?”

Exxon Corporation’s Fall 1996 Publication, “Global warming: who’s right? Facts about a debate that’s turned up more questions than answers,” includes a statement by then Exxon CEO Lee Raymond trumping up uncertainty in the science behind global warming as well as the cost of a carbon-restricted market. Relying on economic analysis and emphasizing scientific uncertainty, […]

1996 API to White House on Greenhouse Emissions

On March 20th, 1996, American Petroleum Institute’s (API) Vice President William O’Keefe followed up with the President’s Assistant for Economic Policy after an earlier meeting. Originally uncovered by The Center for Climate Integrity, O’Keefe’s “Actions to Address Greenhouse Gas Emissions” reflects the precarious position API was in at the time: stuck between acknowledging climate change […]

1996 American Petroleum Institute book “Reinventing Energy”

Responding to the public’s awareness of anthropogenic climate change, American Petroleum Institute’s (API) 1996 “Reinventing Energy: Making the Right Choices,” supported climate denial and argued for inaction. On behalf of its corporate membership comprised of oil majors, API’s interdepartmental team of economists, government affairs staffers, and “strategic communications” experts discussed public health and environmental safety […]