Tag Archives: fossil fuels

2015 FOIA request revealing Exxon funding of Smithsonian climate researcher Soon

This document reveals that Exxon Mobil funded Wei-Hock Soon, a part-time researcher at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass. A 2015 Freedom of Information Act request revealed that Soon received funding from fossil-fuel interests but he subsequently failed to disclose in a string of scientific papers. The document shows that Exxon contributed $55,000 to Soon […]

2000 Economist article – “Big business bows to global warming”

An article marking a shift in the chemical and petroleum industry’s acknowledgement of global climate change and its relationship to carbon emissions. The article demonstrates the voluntary measures adopted by industry to mitigate losses on internal rates of return due to carbon-based expenses. Specifically, DuPont stated its intent to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by two-thirds by 2010 compared […]

1998 ExxonMobil Pamphlet: Global Climate Change Everyone’s Debate

This pamphlet, circulated to both U.S. and international policy-makers questions whether climate change is man-made and if so, the extent of contribution of fossil fuels to the problem. Although statements in this pamphlet are partially true in that Exxon “carefully studied” the science behind climate change, it contradicts its own internal findings with early climate […]

Reflections on Kyoto

1998 Shell Speech “Reflections on Kyoto” presented at Davos World Economic Forum

At the 1998 World Economic Forum, Royal Dutch/Shell Group’s (“Shell”) Chairman of the Committee of the Managing Directors, Cor Herkströter, delivered his “Reflections on Kyoto” to the attendees. A part of a larger group of documents unearthed by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent, this document marks an important time in Shell’s history as they reckoned […]

John Jennings

1997 Shell Presentation “Sustainable Development – the challenge for energy”

This document is a presentation at the “Business and the Environment Programme” by John Jennings, a Shell Managing Director and Chairman of Shell Transport and Trading Company. Part of a larger collection discovered by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent in a trove of internal Shell documents, this presentation shows the discord within Shell, as some […]

Reinventing Energy

1996 American Petroleum Institute book “Reinventing Energy”

Responding to the public’s awareness of anthropogenic climate change, American Petroleum Institute’s (API) 1996 “Reinventing Energy: Making the Right Choices,” supported climate denial and argued for inaction. On behalf of its corporate membership comprised of oil majors, API’s interdepartmental team of economists, government affairs staffers, and “strategic communications” experts discussed public health and environmental safety […]

van Wachem

1992 Shell Speech “Three Cornered Challenge – energy, environment and population”

On September 14, 1992, Lodewijk van Wachem, chairman of the Supervisory Board of Royal Dutch Petroleum Company (“Shell”), gave a speech titled, “The three-cornered challenge – energy, environment, and population.” Unearthed by Jelmer Mommers from journalism platform De Correspondent in a trove of internal Shell documents, this speech was given by van Wachem as he […]

1989 Public Affairs Orientation speech by Mobil’s J. V. D’Ambrisi

This document is a speech given by Mobil’s former President of Research and Development, Joseph V. D’Ambrisi, on June 8, 1989 in New York.  This speech was given at the international public affairs meeting and it focuses on the importance of using Mobil technology to develop and foster environmental policies. The speech also outlines Mobil’s new environmental […]

1989 Presentation to Exxon Board of Directors on Greenhouse Gas Effects

This presentation entitled “Potential Enhanced Greenhouse Gas Effects: Status and Outlook” was made by Duane Levine, Exxon’s manager of science and strategy development, to Exxon’s Board of Directors on February 22, 1989. The presentation evidences Exxon’s shift from a leader in climate change research to an advocate against the dissemination of climate change information in the early […]