Tag Archives: 1995

1998 Shell Internal TINA Group Scenarios 1998-2020 Report

In 1995 Royal Dutch/Shell Group (“Shell”) initiated a scenario planning process to examine how the company should respond to the forces of globalization, liberalization, and technology. The resulting internal reports, first published in 1998, have now been unearthed by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent. Named “TINA” for “There is no alternative” the scenarios anticipate changes […]

1995 Mobil Foundation Statement of Grants

This document details Mobil Foundation’s grants given during 1995. The statement shows that Mobil granted money to a variety of educational and civic organizations, including the University of Delaware, MIT and Woods Hole. In total, Mobil distributed over $9 million in grant money during 1995. Notable contributions include the Environmental Education Foundation of Florida, Inc. and the Carnegie […]

1995 World Energy Council 16th Congress Review

This document is a review of the 16th Congress of the World Energy Council, which took place in Tokyo from October 8-13 in 1995. The World Energy Council (WEC) is comprised of a confidential group “of local and national energy companies, Government departments and organisations.” WEC was formed in 1923, and is “the UN-accredited global […]

1995 Shell Internal Report “Is Climate Change Occurring Already?”

This is a 1995 analysis by Shell International B.V. scientist Peter Langcake of whether climate change was in fact underway and if, as some scientists were suggesting, a “signal” had been detected showing human influence on climate from temperature, weather, polar ice melt and other data. This document is a part of a larger collection […]

1995 Society of Petroleum Engineers Paper on Securing the Future

This paper, “Securing the Future – in Partnership with the Environment” was selected by a program committee of the Society for Petroleum Engineers for presentation at the Offshore Europe 1995 Conference and Exhibition. A part of a larger collection discovered by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent in a trove of internal oil and gas industry […]

1995 Patrick Michaels Expert Testimony for WFA Case

This testimony by Patrick Michaels, then Senior Fellow of Environmental studies at the Cato Institute, was used as expert opinion by Western Fuels Association (“WFA”) before the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission. The hearing was in St. Paul, Minnesota to determine the environmental cost of coal burning power plants in the state. Richard Lindzen, Robert Balling, […]

1995 Shell Management Brief “Climate Change”

In February 1995, a management briefing titled “Climate Change” was internally circulated by the Shell International Petroleum Company Limited (“Shell”). This document, unearthed by Jelmer Mommers from journalism platform De Correspondent in a trove of internal Shell documents, appears to build off of research from “The Enhanced Greenhouse Effect” report (1994). Information from both reports […]

1995 Report on Exxon’s Financial Contributions

This 1995 document contains Exxon’s financial contributions for the year. The report details Exxon’s contributions to a variety of sectors, including the environment, public information and policy research, and education. Share this post on your feed Twitter Facebook Google+