Tag Archives: climate impacts

2007 Affidavit of Patrick Michaels in Case of Green Mountain Chrysler v. Crombie

This affidavit from Patrick Michaels, a known climate skeptic with deep ties to fossil fuel interests, reflects his participation in a 2007 lawsuit over Vermont’s changes to fuel emissions standards for new automobiles. Michaels is the Director of the Center for the Study of Science at the Cato Institute, a conservative think-tank created and funded […]

2000 Economist article – “Big business bows to global warming”

An article marking a shift in the chemical and petroleum industry’s acknowledgement of global climate change and its relationship to carbon emissions. The article demonstrates the voluntary measures adopted by industry to mitigate losses on internal rates of return due to carbon-based expenses. Specifically, DuPont stated its intent to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by two-thirds by 2010 compared […]

1999 Greening Earth Society State of the Climate Report

This 1999 “State of the Climate Report” is a collection of essays on climate change written by noted climate-denying scientists, many of whom have established financial relationships with the fossil fuel industry. The initial essays of the report present arguments that the unusually warm temperatures of recent years are not associated with climate change and […]

1998 Report “Climate Change: What does Shell think and do about it?”

“Climate Change: What does Shell think and do about it?” is a 1998 handout from a trove of Royal Dutch/Shell Group (“Shell”) documents unearthed by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent. Printed to explain the science of climate change and what the company was doing to address it, Shell resisted calling climate change a threat, but […]

1997 Mobil’s Global Climate Change Brochure

Mobil Chairman, President, and CEO, Lucio Noto, releases the company’s brochure on global climate change. Language in the brochure is similar to a November 1997 document prepared by Mobil’s General Manager of Government Relations, Anthony Corso. The brochure emphasizes that manmade carbon dioxide emissions account for 3% of total carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere, and […]

1997 Shell Presentation “Sustainable Development – the challenge for energy”

This document is a presentation at the “Business and the Environment Programme” by John Jennings, a Shell Managing Director and Chairman of Shell Transport and Trading Company. Part of a larger collection discovered by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent in a trove of internal Shell documents, this presentation shows the discord within Shell, as some […]

1996 Exxon presentation “Purported Impact of Climate Change on Human Health”

This 1996 document is a presentation given by Exxon Biomedical Sciences, Inc. titled “Purported Impact of Climate Change on Human Health.” The presentation contains a hypothesis of the purported impact, specifically that fossil fuels contribute to a rise in greenhouse gases, which will raise the global temperature and have major direct and indirect effects on […]

1996 Exxon’s Brian Flannery speech on “Global Climate Change”

In September 1996, Exxon Research and Engineering Company’s Brian Flannery delivered a presentation to Exxon subsidiary Esso Italiana titled “Global Climate Change.” A part of a larger collection released by Jelmer Mommers of De Correspondent in a trove of internal oil and gas industry documents, this document shows Flannery’s denial of climate change science, doubt […]

1996 Shell Management Brief “The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change”

This is a 1996 primer for Shell International executives on the history and current status of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (“IPCC”) scientific process and conclusions. It also summarizes the workings of the IPCC’s political adjunct, the Framework Convention on Climate Change (“FCCC”). This document is a part of a larger collection discovered by […]

1996 American Petroleum Institute book “Reinventing Energy”

Responding to the public’s awareness of anthropogenic climate change, American Petroleum Institute’s (API) 1996 “Reinventing Energy: Making the Right Choices,” supported climate denial and argued for inaction. On behalf of its corporate membership comprised of oil majors, API’s interdepartmental team of economists, government affairs staffers, and “strategic communications” experts discussed public health and environmental safety […]