Tag Archives: robert balling

2012 Cato Addendum “Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States”

This unofficial “addendum” to the assessment by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (now the Global Change Research Program) on “Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States” was published by the Cato Institute in 2012. The Cato report was designed to be nearly identical to the government’s report, but the content is contradictory and […]

1999 Greening Earth Society State of the Climate Report

This 1999 “State of the Climate Report” is a collection of essays on climate change written by noted climate-denying scientists, many of whom have established financial relationships with the fossil fuel industry. The initial essays of the report present arguments that the unusually warm temperatures of recent years are not associated with climate change and […]

Western Fuels Association, The Greening of Planet Earth, Climate Change

1998 Western Fuels Association “The Greening of Planet Earth Continues”

This is a transcript of the short film “The Greening of Planet Earth Continues” released by the Greening Earth Society, as a follow-up to the 1992 film titled “The Greening of Planet Earth.” The Greening Earth Society was a non-profit front group created by the Western Fuels Association to advocate about the environmental impact of CO2 and fossil fuels […]

Western Fuels Association, The Greening Earth Society

1998 Greening Earth Society Promotional Material

In 1998, the Western Fuels Association (WFA) launched the Greening Earth Society (GES) to counter what it considered an “unnecessary fear among the public” of climate change. The same year as its founding, GES published a report titled, “The CO2 Issue,” along with the film, “The Greening of Planet Earth Continues.” The film was a sequel to […]

1997 Climate Change Debate between Patrick Michaels and Alan Robock

This is the transcript of a moderated debate between Alan Robock, a climatologist from the University of Maryland and Patrick Michaels, a climate change skeptic with long standing financial ties to the fossil fuel industry. The topic of the debate was “Must We Act Now To Avert a Climate Catastrophe?” and was part of a […]

1995 Patrick Michaels Expert Testimony for WFA Case

This testimony by Patrick Michaels, then Senior Fellow of Environmental studies at the Cato Institute, was used as expert opinion by Western Fuels Association (“WFA”) before the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission. The hearing was in St. Paul, Minnesota to determine the environmental cost of coal burning power plants in the state. Richard Lindzen, Robert Balling, […]

Western Fuels Association, Climate Denial

1993 Western Fuels Association Annual Report

In this segment of the Western Fuels Association’s (WFA) 1993 annual report, WFA recounts the beginning of its relationship with climate deniers including Patrick Michaels, Robert Balling and Fred Singer. It states that as part of a “first step” by WFA management, “scientists were found” who were “skeptical about much of what seemed generally accepted […]

1991 CATO Climate Denial Conference Flyer and Schedule

This is an advertisement and schedule for a 1991 Cato Institute Conference titled “Global Environmental Crises: Science or Politics?”. The conference was a preemptive gathering before the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. Cato worried the upcoming Rio conference was a sign of “marching toward a new world order […]

1991 Information Council on the Environment Climate Denial Ad Campaign

This compilation of documents contains information regarding the group Information Council on the Environment (also known as Informed Citizens for the Environment) or ICE, which was formed in 1991 to “reposition global warming as theory (not fact).” This collection reveals a public relations campaign run by Simmons advertising that tested target audiences in Fargo, ND, Flagstaff, […]

1990 Patrick Michaels Curriculum Vitae

This is a 1990 CV for Patrick Michaels, a known climate skeptic with longstanding financial ties to the fossil fuel industry. Michaels has been an outspoken advocate for industry interests on issues relating to emissions regulation and climate change for decades – this CV documents some of his early connections with climate-denying organizations and fuel […]